Selasa, 20 April 2010
Research Studies On Smoking
When one studies about drugs and their abuse along with the dose taken, the amount of drug taken in also forms a really critical factor. The general findings state that larger doses are administered less often than the smaller doses. This will result in relatively stable amounts of the abusive drug being taken. This practice is termed ‘compensation' or ‘dose-regulation', and this occurs in many forms of drug abuse. To take for instance, people tend to drink beer in a much greater volume than brandy or whiskey. With regard to tobacco cigarette smoking the complex issue of compensation has got theoretical as well as practical implications.
In fact, it is important to discover whether people control and regulate cigarette smoke the same way they regulate the intake of these abusive drugs. If they do regulate, then it is very much important to discover precisely what they are regulating: the smoke itself or the nicotine. In practical terms, it is important since one way of treating addicted smokers is to make them gradually decrease the number of tobacco cigarettes they smoke on a daily basis. People who just cannot quit the habit of smoking also are encouraged to smoke those cigarettes which deliver less tar and nicotine. This theory is based on the assumption that they are safer than tobacco cigarettes. However, hard core smokers who compensate for variations in the strength of the cigarettes they smoke by smoking more of them or inhaling more deeply, in fact, will defeat the very purpose of cessation.
One of the research studies that were conducted used an automatic puff-monitoring system in order to measure the smoking trends and behaviour, and the subjects were required to smoke through aired cigarette holders. Actually, these holders were sold to aid people in their efforts to give up smoking by cutting back their close in a gradual manner. The primary finding of the research study was that the smaller the close permitted by the cigarette filter, the more the number of puffs. In fact, these smokers did not smoke a lot many cigarettes. With the extra puffs, they could take in nearly as much amount of smoke. This was corroborated by the aspect that their CO levels were almost very similar, regardless of the kind of holder used. These research studies have unravelled another point of similarity between the utilization of tobacco and other types of drugs of abuse. The dose of the substance contained or used is a critical factor in controlling the various patterns of drug use.
The real implication of this research finding points to the fact that instructing people to turn to lower tar cigarettes and other brands of cigarettes may result in a false belief that they have significantly lowered their health risks. These evidences or research findings indicate that these smokers of low-nicotine cigarettes took in nearly as much of the substances contained in smoke as taken by hardcore smokers of stronger cigarettes. This attempts to explain the poor results of these kinds of approaches to give up smoking by switching the brands.